Python Keywords and Identifiers

In today's tutorial, I will explain you about how to use keywords and identifiers in python with examples.

Introduction to Python

Python is a high-level general purpose programming laguage. It is an object oriented programming laguage and provides features of object oriented programming to make programs more readable and easier.

Python program can be written using an interactive session using IPython or by directly executing Python scripts – text files that end in the extension .py using the Python interpreter.

Features of Python Language

  • One distictive feature of python is that it is an interpreted language.
  • Python has simple program structure and few reserved keywords with simple and clearly specific syntax.
  • Python program structure is simple and easy which makes it easy to read and understand.
  • Python has very portable freely available library and they are platform compatible
  • Easy for debugging and testing.
  • Python supports GUI applications that can be created and ported to many system calls, libraries and windows systems.
  • As compared to shell scripting, Python provides a better structure and support for large programs.

Python language has many such useful features which makes it a user friendly and easy to use programming language.

Let's write your first python program.

In python for printing any output we use print() method.

Write the code shown below in your python IDE and run the program to see the output.

print("Hello world !!!")

OUTPUT:

Hello world !!!

Keywords in Python

If you are familiar with coding in general you would know that there are some reserved words in a programming language.

These reserved words are also called keywords.

These keywords have a special meaning and they are used for special purposes in Python programming language. These keywords cannot be used as name for a variable, function, class or as any other identifier. They are used in syntax and structure of a python program.

Python is a case-sensitive language which means Name and name are two different identifiers in python.
Following is a list of common keywords used in python.

False class from or
None continue global pass
True def if raise
and del import return
as elif in try
assert else is while
async except lambda with
await finally nonlocal yield
break for not

If you want to list all the keywords available using python then use the below given code :

import keyword
print(keyword.kwlist)
['False', 'None', 'True', 'and', 'as', 'assert', 'async', 'await', 'break', 'class', 'continue', 'def', 'del', 'elif', 'else', 'except', 'finally', 'for', 'from', 'global', 'if', 'import', 'in', 'is', 'lambda', 'nonlocal', 'not', 'or', 'pass', 'raise', 'return', 'try', 'while', 'with', 'yield']

In the above python code, import is a python keyword used to include and use a python module. keyword is a python module which contains a list of all keywords available in python.

Looking at all the keywords and trying to know their meaning and use can be a bit overwhelming. We will get to know the meaning and usage of these keywords as we continue learning.

Identifiers in Python

An identifier is name given to different entities like class, functions, variables, etc. It helps to recognize and differentiate between one entity to another.

There are certain rules to write identifiers in python. They are as follows:

  1. Identifiers can be a combination of lowercase (a-z) or uppercase (A-Z) alphabets, digits(0-9) or an underscore ( _ ). Valid examples for identifier names are myName, number_1, get_value.
  2. An identifier cannot start with a digit. 1number is invalid, but number1 is a valid name.
  3. Keywords cannot be used as identifiers.
global = 23
  File "", line 1
    global = 23
           ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax
  1. We cannot use special symbols !,@,#,$,%,etc. in identifier.
user@$ = 274
  File "", line 1
    user@$ = 274
         ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax
  1. An identifier can be of any length.
This_is_a_very_long_identifier_name = "This is a sentence"
print(This_is_a_very_long_identifier_name)
This is a sentence

We need to follow these rules while naming variables, functions, classes and other objects that we use in our python program.

In this tutorial, we have discussed features of python programming language, learnt about keywords in python, identifiers and naming convention for identifiers in python.

If you have any questions please comment below and also share your views and suggestions in the comment box.

Pooja is a programmer by profession and love to write articles on Python. She is highly interested in Python, Data Science and Machine Learning. Pooja holds B.E. Computer Engineering degree. She loves teaching and learning new thing.

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