## Vogels Approximation Method (VAM)

Vogel’s Approximation Method (VAM) Vogel’s approximation method is an improved version of the least cost entry method. It gives better starting solution as compared to any other method. Consider a general transportation problem with $m$ origins and $n$ destinations. Origin Destination $D_1$ $D_2$ $\cdots$ $D_j$ $\cdots$ $D_n$ Availability $O_1$ $c_{11}$ $c_{12}$ $\cdots$ $c_{1j}$ $\cdots$ $c_{1n}$ …